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Table 2 Smoking characteristics according to gender

From: Prevalence of smoking and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease amongst teachers working in Kocaeli, TurkeyPrevalenza di tabagismo e bronchite cronica ostruttiva tra gli insegnanti di Kocaeli, Turchia

  Total Female Male P
Smoker, n (%) 291 (44.1%) 128 (43.2%) 163 (44.8%) 0.6
Non-smoker, n (%) 252 (38.2%) 131 (44.3%) 121 (33.2%) 0.5
Ex-smoker, n (%) 117 (17.7%) 37 (12.5%) 80 (22%) 0.001
Smoking history ≥ 10 years, n (%) 161 (23.5%) 58 (20.8%) 103 (30%) 0.001
Number of cigarettes/day, mean 5.7 ± 8.9 (max: 40) 4.7 ± 7.3 6.5 ± 9.9 0.001