Skip to main content

Table 1 Confirmed and suspected factors leading to increased systolic pulmonary arterial pressure in end stage renal disease (ESRD)

From: Kidney pulmonary hypertension: another road on the map?Ipertensione reno-polmonare: un’altra meta sulla via?

Factors of PH in ESRD Consequences
High flow arteriovenous fistula High cardiac output
Endothelium dysfunction ↓NO; ↑TXB; ↑ET-1
Left heart dysfunction ↑pulmonary wedge pressure
Hormonal disturbances Hyperparathyroidism
Abnormal gas exchange Hypoxia, pulmonary vasoconstriction
  1. Definition of abbreviations: ET, endothelin; PH, pulmonary hypertension; TXB, thromboxane.