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Table 1 Clinical and demographic characteristics of 11 COPD patients with IPA a

From: Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Characteristics  
  Male 9 (81.8)
  Female 2 (18.2)
Mean age, years 65.1 ± 9.7
Smoking history  
  Yes 8 (72.7)
  >40, pack years 4 (36.3)
Underlying disease  
  Diabetes mellitus 1 (9.0)
  Cardiovascular disease 3 (27.2)
Steroid treatmentb  
  Inhaled 8 (72.7)
  Systemic use 10 (90.9)
Recent use of antibioticsc 4 (36.3)
Time to diagnosis, days 13.8 ± 3.8
Hospitalization period, days 24.7 ± 13.9
ICU admission 5 (45.4)
Mechanical ventilation 4 (36.3)
Death 6 (54.5)
  1. aData are presented as number (%) or average ± standard deviation.
  2. bWithin three weeks before applying, cWithin three months before applying.