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Table 2 Symptoms, laboratory and radiological findings of 11 COPD patients with IPA

From: Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Symptom, n (%)  
  Fever 5 (45.4)
  Cough 10 (90.9)
  Dyspnea 11 (100)
  Sputum 7 (63.6)
  Hemoptysis 2 (18.1)
Laboratory, average ± SD or median (IQR)  
  White blood cell, 103/mL 13.5 ± 5.2
  Hemoglobin, g/dL 12.0 ± 2.8
  Thrombocyte, 103/mL 352.1 ± 175.1
  Sedimentation, mm/hour 88 ± 25
  CRP, mg/L 117 ± 50
  Galactomannan, ng/mL 0.54 (0.17-9.16)
Radiological findings, n (%)  
Chest X-ray  
  Infiltration 7 (63.6)
  Cavity 3 (27.2)
  Nodule 3 (27.2)
  Pleural fluid 2 (18.1)
  Consolidation 2 (18.1)
Worsening radiological findingsa 7 (63.6)
Computed tomography  
  Infiltration 8 (72.7)
  Nodule 4 (36.3)
  Consolidation 3 (27.2)
  Cavitation 3 (27.2)
  Pleural fluid 2 (18.1)
  1. IQR, Interquartile range.
  2. aNew images of infection appeared or old lesions worsened compared to previous chest radiographs.