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Table 2 Improvement of cough during the whole observational period in children affected by wet acute cough caused by non-complicated URTI

From: Does additional antimicrobial treatment have a better effect on URTI cough resolution than homeopathic symptomatic therapy alone? A real-life preliminary observational study in a pediatric population

Day from the start of treatment Group 1: Homeopathic syrup alone (n = 46) Group 2: Homeopathic syrup plus antibiotic treatment (n = 39) P valuea
2 −0.52 ± 0.66 −0.56 ± 0.55 0.673
3 −1.02 ± 0.75 −0.97 ± 0.74 0.830
4 −1.50 ± 0.84 −1.51 ± 0.68 0.833
5 −1.93 ± 0.88 −1.92 ± 0.96 0.881
6 −2.22 ± 0.99 −2.23 ± 1.01 0.814
7 −2.46 ± 0.98 −2.41 ± 1.29 0.839
8 −2.65 ± 0.87 −2.62 ± 1.09 0.837
9 −2.76 ± 0.87 −2.79 ± 1.03 0.850
10 −2.87 ± 0.88 −2.79 ± 1.00 0.723
11 −2.83 ± 1.00 −2.82 ± 1.00 0.888
12 −2.85 ± 0.99 −2.90 ± 0.94 0.880
13 −2.91 ± 0.96 −3.00 ± 0.92 0.826
14 −3.11 ± 0.99 −3.10 ± 0.99 0.945
15 −3.20 ± 1.02 −3.15 ± 1.01 0.842
16 −3.17 ± 1.10 −3.26 ± 0.99 0.725
17 −3.26 ± 1.08 −3.26 ± 0.94 0.911
18 −3.24 ± 1.06 −3.28 ± 0.86 0.911
19 −3.37 ± 1.02 −3.33 ± 0.90 0.739
20 −3.35 ± 1.04 −3.36 ± 0.90 0.993
21 −3.43 ± 1.00 −3.36 ± 0.90 0.737
22 −3.46 ± 1.00 −3.41 ± 0.91 0.867
23 −3.48 ± 1.03 −3.38 ± 0.96 0.649
24 −3.52 ± 0.98 −3.44 ± 0.94 0.675
25 −3.52 ± 0.98 −3.49 ± 0.91 0.866
26 −3.52 ± 0.98 −3.49 ± 0.91 0.866
27 −3.46 ± 1.00 −3.46 ± 0.94 0.930
28 −3.43 ± 1.03 −3.46 ± 0.94 0.867
  1. The mean (± standard deviation) values of the reported changes in the verbal category-descriptive (VCD) scale versus the basal ones (Day 1) are shown. All changes in both groups were highly significant (P < 0.001; Wilcoxon matched-pairs signed-rank test)
  2. aKruskal-Wallis test