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Table 3 Comorbid conditions in hospitalized and ambulatory COPD patients

From: 8th international conference on management and rehabilitation of chronic respiratory failure: the long summaries – part 1

  ESMI (Spain) SFH (USA) ECLIPSE
Hospitalized Hospitalized Out-Patients
Ischemic cardiac disease (%) 21 37 15-17
Heart failure (%) 33 33a, 16b 4-5a
Atrial fibrillation (%) 21 - -
Chronic kidney disease (%) 16 28 -
Peripheral vascular disease (%) 17 - -
Diabetes (%) 28 24 12c
Hypertension (%) 63 40 -
Depression; anxiety (% %) 15; 18   17; 17c
Dementia (%) 4 15 -
  1. aDiagnosis suggested by brain naturetic protein > 500 units
  2. bClinical diagnosis by cardiologist
  3. cEstimated from Reference [180]