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Table 2 Percentages of recent medical graduates answering each knowledge item correctly by university ownership

From: Obstructive sleep apnea knowledge and attitudes among recent medical graduates training in Ecuador

Knowledge items University
Private Public p*
N = 51 N = 214
n (%) n (%)
1. Women with OSA may present with fatigue alone 22 (43.1) 80 (37.4) 0.448
2. Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty is curative for the majority if patients with OSA 16 (31.4) 77 (36.0) 0.535
3. The estimated prevalence of OSA among adults is between 2 and 10% 21 (41.2) 100 (46.7) 0.474
4. The majority of patients with OSA snore 49 (96.1) 182 (85.0) < 0.05
5. OSA is associated with hypertension 23 (45.1) 71 (33.2) 0.110
6. An overnight sleep study is the gold standard for diagnosing OSA 40 (78.4) 157 (73.4) 0.457
7. CPAP therapy may cause nasal congestion 12 (23.5) 78 (36.4) 0.080
8. Laser-assisted uvuloplasty is an appropriate treatment for severe OSA 9 (17.6) 58 (27.1) 0.163
9. The loss of upper airway muscle tone during sleep contributes to OSA 35 (68.6) 137 (64.0) 0.535
10. The most common cause of OSA in children is the presence of large tonsils and adenoids 43 (84.3) 185 (86.4) 0.693
11. A craniofacial and oropharyngeal examination is useful in the assessment of patients of large tonsils and adenoids 37 (72.5) 161 (75.2) 0.692
12. Alcohol at bedtime improves OSA 36 (70.6) 153 (71.5) 0.898
13. Untreated OSA is associated with a higher incidence of automobile crashes 29 (56.9) 98 (45.8) 0.155
14. In men, a collar size 17 in. or greater is associated with OSA 24 (47.1) 52 (24.3) < 0.01
15. OSA is more common in women than men 28 (54.9) 136 (63.6) 0.253
16. CPAP is the first line therapy for OSA 29 (56.9) 99 (46.3) 0.173
17. Less than 5 apneas or hypopneas per hour is normal in adults 16 (31.4) 72 (33.6) 0.757
18. Cardiac arrhythmias may be associated with untreated OSA 34 (66.7) 153 (71.5) 0.497
Mean (SD) knowledge score (% of items answered correctly) 54.8 (13.0) 53.2 (14.7) 0.476
  1. *Chi-square tests were used for comparisons between groups