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Table 2 Frequency of respiratory symptoms and diseases among farmer participants

From: Indoor exposure to particulate matter and volatile organic compounds in dwellings and workplaces and respiratory health in French farmers

Symptoms Total Male Female
N (%) N (%) N (%)
Morning cough in the past 12 months 18 (16.5) 15 23,44% 3 6,67%
Phlegm in the past 12 months 14 (13.0) 11 17,19% 3 6,67%
Short of breath in the past 12 months 18 (16.8) 11 17,19% 7 15,56%
Difficulty of walking for another reason than heart or lung problems 14 (13.0) 10 15,63% 4 8,89%
Wheezing in the past 12 months in the past 12 months 12 (11.0) 9 14,06% 3 6,67%
Short of breath at rest last 12 months 6 (5.6) 4 6,25% 2 4,44%
Short of breath after intense effort last 12 months 20 (18.4) 13 20,31% 7 15,56%
Woken by an attack of shortness of breath in the past 12 months 3 (2.8) 3 4,69% 0 0,00%
Asthma 10 (9.3) 6 9,38% 4 8,89%
Nasal allergy 9 (8.3) 7 10,94% 2 4,44%
Respiratory distress when handling plants reaped 48 (44.0) 29 45,31% 19 42,22%
Severe respiratory problems interfered with usual daily activities 7 (6.4) 5 7,81% 2 4,44%
Chronic illness* 19 (39.6) 14 21,88% 5 11,11%
Early Airways Obstruction* 14 (29.8) 9 14,06% 5 11,11%
  1. *n = 48; Early Airways Obstruction (FEF25–75 < 80% of the predicted level and FEV / FVC > 70%, after bronchodilation during the reversibility test)