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Table 3 Multivariate analysis of risk factors for predicting the development of lung cancer in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

From: Prevalence, risk factors, and impact of lung Cancer on outcomes of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis: a study from the Middle East

Variables OR 95% CI P-
Gender, male 1.089 0.014–0.579 0.011
Age, 0.677 0.214–9.757 0.707
Smoking 0.411 0.378–12.869 0.279
Pack/year 3.225 1.257–1.669 0.001
DLCO 0.849 1.016–1.138 0.062
  1. CI confidence interval, OR odds ratio, DLCO diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide