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  1. Content type: Review

    Bronchiectasis represents the final pathway of several infectious, genetic, immunologic or allergic disorders. Accurate and prompt identification of the underlying cause is a key recommendation of several inte...

    Authors: Martina Contarini, Amelia Shoemark, Jessica Rademacher, Simon Finch, Andrea Gramegna, Michele Gaffuri, Luca Roncoroni, Manuela Seia, Felix C. Ringshausen, Tobias Welte, Francesco Blasi, Stefano Aliberti and James D. Chalmers

    Citation: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine 2018 13(Suppl 1):26

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 13 Supplement 1

  2. Content type: Short Report

    The contemporary diagnosis of bronchiectasis requires CT scanning to describe specific structural lung changes. Scoring systems have been designed and validated in some specific causes of bronchiectasis to all...

    Authors: Philip Robinson and Lucy Morgan

    Citation: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine 2018 13(Suppl 1):24

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 13 Supplement 1

  3. Content type: Short Report

    Determining the effects of antimicrobial therapies on airway microbiology at a population-level is essential. Such analysis allows, for example, surveillance of antibiotic-induced changes in pathogen prevalenc...

    Authors: Steven L. Taylor, Lex E. X. Leong, Fredrick M. Mobegi, Jocelyn M. Choo, Lucy D. Burr, Steve Wesselingh and Geraint B. Rogers

    Citation: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine 2018 13(Suppl 1):30

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 13 Supplement 1

  4. Content type: Review

    Bronchiectasis is the final result of different processes and most of the guidelines advocate for a careful evaluation of those etiologies which might be treated or might change patients’ management, including...

    Authors: Andrea Gramegna, Stefano Aliberti, Manuela Seia, Luigi Porcaro, Vera Bianchi, Carlo Castellani, Paola Melotti, Claudio Sorio, Enza Consalvo, Elisa Franceschi, Francesco Amati, Martina Contarini, Michele Gaffuri, Luca Roncoroni, Barbara Vigone, Angela Bellofiore…

    Citation: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine 2018 13(Suppl 1):29

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 13 Supplement 1

  5. Content type: Original Research Article

    A substantial increase in pulmonary and extra-pulmonary diseases due to non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) has been documented worldwide, especially among subjects suffering from chronic respiratory diseases a...

    Authors: Stefano Aliberti, Luigi Ruffo Codecasa, Andrea Gori, Giovanni Sotgiu, Maura Spotti, Antonio Di Biagio, Andrea Calcagno, Stefano Nardini, Baroukh Maurice Assael, Enrico Tortoli, Giorgio Besozzi, Maurizio Ferrarese, Alberto Matteelli, Enrico Girardi, Saverio De Lorenzo, Manuela Seia…

    Citation: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine 2018 13(Suppl 1):33

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 13 Supplement 1

  6. Content type: Case report

    Double aortic arch is a rare congenital and complete vascular ring around trachea and esophagus. It is usually diagnosed during infancy. The symptoms are generally related to respiratory and gastroesophageal t...

    Authors: Davide Piloni, Claudio Tirelli, Rita Di Domenica, Valentina Conio, Amelia Grosso, Vanessa Ronzoni, Filippo Antonacci, Pasquale Totaro and Angelo G. Corsico

    Citation: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine 2018 13:21

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  7. Content type: Original research article

    Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is an aggressive tumor with poor prognosis, mainly associated with work or environmental exposure to asbestos. MPM’s molecular profile is largerly unexplored and effective ...

    Authors: Matteo Bosio, Elena Salvaterra, Francesca Datturi, Patrizia Morbini, Michele Zorzetto, Simona Inghilleri, Stefano Tomaselli, Patrizia Mangiarotti, Federica Meloni, Isa Cerveri and Giulia Maria Stella

    Citation: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine 2018 13:27

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  8. Content type: Original Research Article

    Understanding positive and negative influences on adult immunization status can help healthcare providers to better identify and target patients who are likely to need immunization. Our aim was to assess and c...

    Authors: Stephanie Attard Camilleri, Juanita Camilleri Casingena, Kentaro Yamagata and Martin Balzan

    Citation: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine 2018 13:23

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  9. Content type: Correction

    After publication of the Original research article [1] it was brought to our attention that the sentence at pag 6 (between Figure 3 and Figure 4)) must be corrected as follows: “The mean duration of inactivity...

    Authors: Roberto W. Dal Negro, Luca Bonadiman and Paola Turco

    Citation: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine 2018 13:31

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    The original article was published in Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine 2018 13:18

  10. Content type: Original research article

    Despite advances with regard to “do not attempt resuscitation order”, physicians are still reluctant to implement it. In fact, while the nurses could be of great help in making decision about “do not attempt r...

    Authors: Masoud Fallahi, Somaye Mahdavikian, Alireza Abdi, Fariba Borhani, Parvin Taghizadeh and Behzad Hematpoor

    Citation: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine 2018 13:20

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  11. Content type: Meeting report

    This paper summarizes the presentations submitted for publication of the 12th AIST National Congress (Associazione Italiana Studio Tosse/Italian Association for Cough Study) entitled “The thousand facets of cough...

    Authors: Alessandro Zanasi, Antonio M. Morselli-Labate, Massimiliano Mazzolini, Marianna Mastroroberto, Roberto W. Dal Negro, Ivan Poliacek, Alyn H. Morice, Sara Maio, Giovanni Viegi, Jamie Koufman, Francesco Torresan, Alexandros Ioannou, Daniele Mandolesi, Elisa Liverani, Amedeo Montale, Franco Bazzoli…

    Citation: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine 2018 13:17

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  12. Content type: Original research article

    Bronchial asthma is an inflammatory disease of the airways. Beclomethasone dipropionate/Formoterol (BDP/F) and Fluticasone furoate/Vilanterol (FF/V) are two of the most effective LABA/ICS combinations for mana...

    Authors: Roberto W. Dal Negro, Luca Bonadiman and Paola Turco

    Citation: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine 2018 13:18

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine 2018 13:31

  13. Content type: Short report

    The drug pirfenidone has been shown to slow the progression and decrease mortality of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Its exact mechanism is unknown, but it likely inhibits pro-fibrotic cytokine transform...

    Authors: Amber Mortensen, Lauren Cherrier and Rajat Walia

    Citation: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine 2018 13:16

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  14. Content type: Case report

    Recently, it is reported that Actinomyces meyeri is the most common species causing actinomycosis. However, to our knowledge, there was no report about pulmonary actinomycosis attributable to A. meyeri presenting...

    Authors: Saori Nishizawa, Keisuke Anan, Kazunori Tobino, Masanobu Okahisa, Yuki Goto, Kojin Murakami, Takuto Sueyasu, Miyuki Munechika, Kohei Yoshimine and Mai Yoshino

    Citation: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine 2018 13:19

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  15. Content type: Original research article

    Outdoor air pollution is a major threat to global public health that needs responsible participation of researchers at all levels. Assessing research output is an important step in highlighting national and in...

    Authors: Waleed M. Sweileh, Samah W. Al-Jabi, Sa’ed H. Zyoud and Ansam F. Sawalha

    Citation: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine 2018 13:15

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  16. Content type: Original research article

    Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is characterized by progressive loss of lung function with high mortality within the first 5 years from diagnosis. In 2011–2014, two drugs, pirfenidone and nintedanib, have ...

    Authors: Ida Pesonen, Lisa Carlson, Nicola Murgia, Riitta Kaarteenaho, Carl Magnus Sköld, Marjukka Myllärniemi and Giovanni Ferrara

    Citation: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine 2018 13:14

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  17. Content type: Short report

    Medical air (MA) is widely used in hospitals, often manufactured onsite by compressing external ambient air and supplied through a local network piping system. Onsite production gives rise to a risk of impurit...

    Authors: Paul Edwards, Patricia-Ann Therriault and Ira Katz

    Citation: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine 2018 13:12

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  18. Content type: Original research article

    People with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) suffer from dyspnoea, which may be increased by anxiety. Previous studies suggest that relaxation techniques may have positive effects in pulmonary reha...

    Authors: Eleonora Volpato, Paolo Banfi, Antonello Nicolini and Francesco Pagnini

    Citation: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine 2018 13:13

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  19. Content type: Short report

    Chronic airway inflammation and hypersensitivity to bacterial infection may contribute to lung cancer pathogenesis. Previous studies have demonstrated that nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) is the most co...

    Authors: Krishna B. Sriram, Amanda J. Cox, Pathmanathan Sivakumaran, Maninder Singh, Annabelle M. Watts, Nicholas P. West and Allan W. Cripps

    Citation: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine 2018 13:11

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  20. Content type: Original research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) is a major global health problem, commonly seen in underdeveloped countries. The probability of contracting the disease is significantly higher among the economically vulnerable and the socia...

    Authors: Madapathage Gayan Buddhika Senanayake, Sumudu Indika Wickramasinghe, Sudath Samaraweera, Pubudu De Silva and Sisira Edirippulige

    Citation: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine 2018 13:9

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  21. Content type: Review

    Tuberculosis (TB) remains the most common cause of infectious disease deaths worldwide. What is perhaps less appreciated is that the caseload of tuberculosis patients in South Asia is staggering.

    Authors: Buddha Basnyat, Maxine Caws and Zarir Udwadia

    Citation: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine 2018 13:10

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  22. Content type: Original research article

    The progressive increase in the elderly population contributes to the fact that studies on human aging have important attention of health professionals and government agents, since they present a great challen...

    Authors: Glauber Sá Brandão, Fernanda Warken Rosa Camelier, Antônia Adonis Callou Sampaio, Glaudson Sá Brandão, Anderson Soares Silva, Glaucia Sá Brandão Freitas Gomes, Claudio F. Donner, Luis Vicente Franco Oliveira and Aquiles Assunção Camelier

    Citation: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine 2018 13:8

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  23. Content type: Original research article

    Influenza and influenza-like syndromes (I-LSs) are infectious diseases occurring on a seasonal basis which can lead to upper (URTI) and lower respiratory tract illness (LRTI) of different severity. The approac...

    Authors: Roberto W. Dal Negro, Alessandro Zanasi, Paola Turco and Massimiliano Povero

    Citation: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine 2018 13:7

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  24. Content type: Original research article

    We aimed to assess recent Latin American medical school graduates’ knowledge and attitudes about OSA and examine whether their knowledge and attitudes about OSA differed from practicing physicians.

    Authors: Iván Chérrez-Ojeda, Juan Carlos Calderón, Andrea Fernández García, Donna B. Jeffe, Ilka Santoro, Emanuel Vanegas, Annia Cherrez, José Cano, Freddy Betancourt and Daniel Simancas-Racines

    Citation: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine 2018 13:5

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  25. Content type: Research Article

    Aging causes physiological changes which affect the quality of sleep. Supervised physical exercise is an important therapeutic resource to improve the sleep of the elderlies, however there is a low adherence t...

    Authors: Glauber Sá Brandão, Glaucia Sá Brandão Freitas Gomes, Glaudson Sá Brandão, Antônia A. Callou Sampaio, Claudio F. Donner, Luis V. F. Oliveira and Aquiles Assunção Camelier

    Citation: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine 2018 13:2

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  26. Content type: Original research article

    Spirometry is the single most important test for the evaluation of respiratory function. The results are interpreted by comparing measured data with predicted values previously obtained from a reference popula...

    Authors: Joana Belo, Teresa Palmeiro, Iolanda Caires, Ana L. Papoila, Marta Alves, Pedro Carreiro-Martins, Maria A. Botelho and Nuno Neuparth

    Citation: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine 2018 13:4

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  27. Content type: Original research article

    The aim of this paper was to evaluate the availability of FRAX for assessing osteoporosis risk, and to demonstrate the importance of vitamin D levels in COPD patients.

    Authors: Ceyda Anar, Melike Yüksel Yavuz, Filiz Güldaval, Yelda Varol and Dilek Kalenci

    Citation: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine 2018 13:1

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  28. Content type: Review

    Guaifenesin, a mucoactive drug, acts by loosening mucus in the airways and making coughs more productive. It is used for relief of wet cough and chest congestion due to the common cold, and remains the only le...

    Authors: Helmut H. Albrecht, Peter V. Dicpinigaitis and Eric P. Guenin

    Citation: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine 2017 12:31

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  29. Content type: Short Report

    Tobacco use and the Western diet are two of the most important and investigated topics in relation to adolescents’ health. In addition, air pollution is a crucial subject for future generations. School is a ke...

    Authors: Chiara Marabelli, Elena Munarini, Micaela Lina, Roberto Mazza, Roberto Boffi, Cinzia De Marco, Ario Ruprecht, Giorgia Angellotti, Chiara Veronese, Paolo Pozzi, Eleonora Bruno, Giuliana Gargano, Adalberto Cavalleri, Giulia Garrone and Franco Berrino

    Citation: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine 2017 12:30

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  30. Content type: Original research article

    Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) kill 40 million people each year. The management of chronic respiratory NCDs such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is particularly critical in Italy, where they ...

    Authors: Stefano Nardini, Fernando De Benedetto, Claudio M. Sanguinetti, Salvatore Bellofiore, Stefano Carlone, Salvatore Privitera, Luciano Sagliocca and Emmanuele Tupputi

    Citation: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine 2017 12:28

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  31. Content type: Original research article

    Chronic (non-communicable) diseases (NCD) -- principally cardiovascular diseases, cancer, chronic respiratory diseases, and diabetes -- are leading causes of death and disability. There is the need to adopt a ...

    Authors: Giovanni Viegi, Stefano Centanni and Francesco Blasi

    Citation: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine 2017 12:27

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  32. Content type: Original research article

    Alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency (AATD) is an under-diagnosed condition in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The aim of this study was to screen for AATD in Kazakh patients with COPD us...

    Authors: Ardak Zhumagaliyeva, Stefania Ottaviani, Timm Greulich, Marina Gorrini, Claus Vogelmeier, Ludmila Karazhanova, Gulmira Nurgazina, Annalisa DeSilvestri, Victor Kotke, Valentina Barzon, Michele Zorzetto, Angelo Corsico and Ilaria Ferrarotti

    Citation: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine 2017 12:23

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  33. Content type: Research Article

    Community-acquired pneumonia is a common and serious disease, with high rates of morbidity and mortality. Management and treatment of community-acquired pneumonia are described in three main documents: the 200...

    Authors: Marco Mantero, Paolo Tarsia, Andrea Gramegna, Sonia Henchi, Nicolò Vanoni and Marta Di Pasquale

    Citation: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine 2017 12:26

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  34. Content type: Case Report

    Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is the most frequent lymphoproliferative disease. Transformation into Richter disease and occurrence of second malignancies involving the lungs are rare complications. The ha...

    Authors: Ghassen Soussi, Selsabil Daboussi, Samira Mhamdi, Zied Moatemri, Hela Ghedira, Chiraz Aichaouia, Mohsen Khadhraoui, Faouzi El Mezni and Rezaik Cheikh

    Citation: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine 2017 12:24

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  35. Content type: Original research article

    Small airways are considered the major site of airflow limitation in COPD. Impulse oscillometry (IOS) is a forced oscillation technique, which provides passive measurement of lung mechanics. It can differentia...

    Authors: Antonio Molino, Francesca Simioli, Anna Agnese Stanziola, Mauro Mormile, Maria Martino and Maria D’Amato

    Citation: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine 2017 12:25

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  36. Content type: Review

    Desmoplastic small round cell tumor of the pleura is a rare malignancy, with only a few cases reported in the scientific literature. The aim of the present review is to discuss the demographic, pathological, c...

    Authors: Alessandro Giuseppe Fois, Pietro Pirina, Antonella Arcadu, Francesca Becciu, Sandra Manca, Viviana Marras, Sara Canu, Gaetano Castagna, Giorgio Carlo Ginesu, Angelo Zinellu and Panagiotis Paliogiannis

    Citation: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine 2017 12:22

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  37. Content type: Original research article

    Although nasal polyps are one of the most frequent diseases, their etiopathogenesis remains unclear.Since eosinophils are the main inflammatory cells in the substantial proportion of nasal polyp tissues, they ...

    Authors: Figen Aslan, Eren Altun, Serpil Paksoy and Gulay Turan

    Citation: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine 2017 12:21

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  38. Content type: Original research article

    COPD is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality. Pharmacotherapy improves quality of life and reduces exacerbations although low adherence with prescribed treatments may represent a barrier to opt...

    Authors: G. De Filippi, M. Lallini, G. De Riggi, G. Marchetti, C. M. Dimartino, A. M. Russetti, E. Ferrari, R. Pistelli, M. S. Magnoni, M. Riparbelli, A. Rizzi and P. Angeletti

    Citation: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine 2017 12:18

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  39. Content type: Original research article

    Precision medicine promises to improve prognosis of patients affected by untreatable diseases. Patients with lung cancer (especially lung adenocarcinoma) bear an increased risk of VTE. Mutations in the EGFR an...

    Authors: Elsa Davidsson, Nicola Murgia, Cristian Ortiz-Villalón, Emil Wiklundh, Magnus Sköld, Karl Gustav Kölbeck and Giovanni Ferrara

    Citation: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine 2017 12:16

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  40. Content type: State of the Art

    Medical approach to patients is a fundamental step to get the correct diagnosis. The aim of this paper is to analyze some aspects of the reasoning process inherent in medical diagnosis in our era. Pathologic s...

    Authors: Gino Soldati, Andrea Smargiassi, Alberto A. Mariani and Riccardo Inchingolo

    Citation: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine 2017 12:15

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  41. Content type: Original research article

    Inhalation is the preferred route for respiratory drug delivery, but several factors contribute to the variability of the respirable dose fraction. Instant velocity and the dynamic characteristics of the dropl...

    Authors: Roberto W. Dal Negro, Pietro Longo, Orestepaolo Villanis Ziani, Luca Bonadiman and Paola Turco

    Citation: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine 2017 12:13

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  42. Content type: Review

    Pulmonary drug delivery is currently the focus of accelerated research and development because of the potential to produce maximum therapeutic benefit to patients by directly targeting drug to the site of path...

    Authors: Federico Lavorini, Massimo Pistolesi and Omar S. Usmani

    Citation: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine 2017 12:11

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine 2017 12:19

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