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Table 3 Univariate and multivariate logistic regression for predictors of severe outcomes among viral-infected SARI cases

From: Clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with severe acute respiratory infections (SARI): results from the Egyptian surveillance study 2010–2014

Univariate Analysis
   OR (95% CI) P
RSV Negative ref
Positive 0.00 (−) 0.989
Adenovirus Negative ref
Positive 0.927 (0.533–1.612) 0.788
Rhinovirus Negative ref
Positive 4.975 (2.431–17.812) 0.024
Enterovirus Negative ref
Positive 0.00 (−) 1.000
Influenza Negative ref
Positive 1.150(0.608–2.176) 0.667
BOCA virus Negative ref
Positive 0.413 (0.051–3.371) 0.409
HMPV Negative ref
Positive 0.845 (0.431–1.656) 0.624
PIV Negative ref
Positive 0.633 (0.361–1.112) 0.112
Multiple viruses Single virus ref
Multiple viruses 1.515 (0.974–2.357) 0.065
Age Adults >18 years ref
Children <18 years 10.357 (5.895–18.197) 0.000
Gender Male ref
Female 0.893 (0.643–1.239) 0.497
Comorbidities None ref
Any 1.181 (0.840–1.661) 0.338
Multivariate analysis
   OR (95% CI) P value
Rhinovirus Negative ref
Positive 4.807 (2.981–16.112) 0.025
Age Adults >18 years ref
Children <18 years 11.716 (7.225–18.998) 0.000
  1. RSV Respiratory syncytial virus, hMPV Human metapneumovirus, PIV Para-influenza virus, OR Odds ratio