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Table 4 Comparison of SARI patients with RSV to those with a non-RSV or to those with no respiratory virus identified

From: Clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with severe acute respiratory infections (SARI): results from the Egyptian surveillance study 2010–2014

Characteristic RSV-positive (n = 485) N (%) Other Viruses Positive (n = 590) N (%) P* No virus Identified
(n = 2132) N (%)
P$
Gender
 Female 257 (53) 312 (53) 0.203 810 (38) 0.000
 Male 228 (47) 278 (47)   1,322 (62)  
Age
 Below 18 y 470 (97) 511 (87) 0.801 1,493 (70) 0.373
 Above 18 y 15 (3) 79 (13)   639 (30)  
Symptom onset ≤7 days 456 (94) 480 (81) 0.064 1,211 (57) 0.250
Cough 485 (100) 536 (91) 0.882 2,132 (100) 1.000
SOB 485 (100) 548 (93) 1.000 1,555 (73) 0.077
Fever 485 (100) 590 (100) 1.000 2,132 (100) 1.000
Sore throat 174 (36) 311 (53) 0.000 654 (31) 0.000
Sputum production 254 (52) 312 (53) 1.000 1,169 (55) 0.870
Body aches 60 (12) 105 (18) 0.063 153 (7) 0.004
Tachypnea 442 (91) 558 (95) 0.063 1,732 (81) 0.087
Nasal congestion 322 (66) 325 (55) 1.000 300 (14) 0.060
Wheezing 414 (85) 467 (79) 0.031 360 (17) 0.063
Abnormal BS 239 (49) 319 (54) 0.008 955 (45) 0.022
Nausea or vomiting 54 (11) 62 (10) 0.988 209 (10) 0.003
Convulsions 44 (10) 64 (11) 0.677 63 (3) 0.046
pneumonia 13 (3) 16 (3) 1.000 175 (8) 0.001
Chronic lung disease 227 (47) 233 (39) 0.086 343 (16) 0.001
Cardiac disease 81 (17) 133 (23) 0.063 512 (24) 0.022
Endocrine disease 50 (10) 74 (13) 0.866 147 (7) 0.002
Renal disease 5 (1) 6 (1) 1.000 43 (2) 0.246
Neuromuscular disorder 30 (6) 60 (10) 0.333 176 (8) 0.033
ICU 82 (17) 137 (23) 0.121 606 (28) 0.000
Ventilation 43 (9) 57 (10) 0.473 221 (10) 0.343
ARDS 8 (1) 7 (1) 1.000 3 (0) 0.000
Respiratory Failure 9 (2) 13 (2) 0.988 45 (2) 1.000
Death 12 (2) 12 (2) 1.000 106 (5) 0.000
  1. *P for comparison for SARI patients with a positive result for RSV (RSV-positive SARI patients) and a reference group of tested SARI patients with a negative result for RSV (non-RSV-positive SARI patients).P$ for comparison between RSV-positive SARI patients and non-infected individuals (SARI-negative individuals); RSV Respiratory syncytial virus, SOB Shortness of breath, ICU Intensive care unit, ARDS Acute respiratory distress syndrome